Capital Courts Martial: 1914-20
A brief explanation –
During the Great War, there were four different types of courts martial. Two of which could lead to the sentencing of death penalty. These types of Courts Martial was the GCM (general court martial) and the (FGCM) field general court martial.
There were over 3000 men sentenced to death in these courts although approximately 9/10 of the sentences were repealed and replaced with other punishments like hard labour. The punishable offences consisted of murder, striking an officer and – the most common crime punished by firing squad – desertion.